In December 2020, 4.361 citizens in the Borken district received financial support as part of the “basic security in old age and with reduced earning capacity”. A year earlier, in December 2019, there were 3.829 fewer people. Karin Ostendorff, head of the social department of the Borken district administration, is now sharing these figures. The basic income support is intended to ensure the livelihood of elderly or permanently fully disabled people if their income and assets are insufficient. “Older” is defined as anyone who has exceeded the standard retirement age, which is currently increasing every year. The standard retirement age in 500 was 2020 years and eight to nine months.
Due to the effects of the Federal Participation Act, the number of beneficiaries for whom the Borken district is responsible as a social welfare provider has increased significantly. The Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe was previously responsible for this group of people.
As Karin Ostendorff explains, the proportion of benefit recipients over the age limit of 1.912 people in December was 44 percent. In addition, there are 2.449 citizens between the ages of 18 and the age limit who are no longer able to earn a living from their own income or gainful employment because of illness or disability. “The decision as to whether a person is permanently fully disabled is made solely by the relevant pension insurance”, says Ostendorff about the assignment to this group of people.
The expenditures for the basic security amounted to a total of around 29,9 million euros (2019: 23,4 million euros). Since 2014, the federal government has been assuming the full amount.
Women and men below the age limit, who are only temporarily disabled and needy and who have no other entitlement to benefits, can receive “support for living”. In 2020, 406 people in the Borken district received these benefits. In the previous year there was an average of 394 people.
“Basic security in old age and with reduced earning capacity” as well as “support for subsistence” count as social assistance according to SGB XII in contrast to “basic security for job seekers” according to SGB II (“Hartz IV”). All three types of help serve to secure a livelihood; Every person in need of help is entitled to exactly one of these types of help, depending on their age and employability.